Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star Part VI: Twinkle as 19th-c national songs in countries far and wide [Printables]

By the 19th century, people all over Europe wanted to celebrate their own unique cultures, folk art and music. The minor variant of our wandering Twinkle tune had been played and sung for so long in these countries that they all claimed it as their own. Find out the striking similarities and exciting differences in tunes from Sweden, France, Czechia, Romania and Israel. … continue reading →

Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star Part III: Mozart, a French folk song and beyond [Printables]

Mozart and Ah! vous dirai-je, maman (Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star)! This is the making of a folk song and then how a composer redefined it. In Part III we trace the transformation from the earlier madrigal, La Mantovana, to the French Ah! vous dirai-je, maman. But when Mozart wrote his Theme and Variations, did he only base them on the French folk song? Evidence in his music shows otherwise. … continue reading →

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