6 reasons the cajón box drum is better than a metronome in piano lessons

The cajón is a very simple, almost nondescript, percussion instrument with a fascinating history. It looks like a wooden crate or box. To play it, you sit on top of it and play with your hands, reaching lower for a bass sound and tapping towards the top of the drum to activate a higher-pitched snare sound. I first heard one in a concert of flamenco music and have since tried it in piano lessons.

But before I invested money in buying one, I wanted to try it out first. Our local store, Long & McQuade, has a rental option. It cost me less than $12 for the month.

What I found in my trial period was that I love using it in piano lessons! I didn’t realize how versatile it would be, both in keeping a steady beat and as an improvisatory aid. I encourage any piano teacher (or teacher of any instrument) to find a way to incorporate one into your studio. Here’s why:

1. You can’t sit on a metronome

Unlike the metronome, the cajón can be used to keep a steady beat and as a chair. Double points!

Though said tongue-in-cheek, it’s true. Lately I’ve been sitting on the cajón while I teach and love it.

Mine is nearly the exact height of my piano bench. Like a small chair, it’s light and easy to move around. Because there’s no back, it encourages me to sit with good posture while I teach. A cajón drum makes a great piano teacher’s chair!

2. It’s instant

Usually in a lesson I can feel what tempo my student should use at any given point. With a metronome I need to test out a few tempos before I find one that’s just right. This only takes a few seconds, but any time the student is sitting and waiting is a loss. Not just of time, but momentum.

When you need to guide your student with a steady beat at a practice tempo, the cajón is there at your fingertips. Tap out a quick lead-in before they play and have them join you. Or, if they’re already playing, you can join in seamlessly and match their tempo. No need to take time to fumble with the metronome.

Since I’ve started using it, I’ve noticed a big change in the flow of the lesson. This must be experienced to be believed.

3. Spontaneous rhythms

When a steady beat seems too boring, the cajón enables you to enhance your student’s music with a little spontaneous improvised rhythm. This can even be in the style of the piece they’re playing.

Some kids truly rebel against the metronome. However, playing with an external beat is part and parcel of being a functional musician. It’s a required (and acquired) skill. A metronome is an external beat. I compare it to a drummer in a band. But a piano teacher sitting on a cajón is a drummer in the band — the piano lesson band!

Instead of tapping out a metronomic beat on the cajón, tapping a simple rhythm makes the skill of playing steadily with an external beat seem more real-world and relevant. Students don’t seem to protest playing with the cajón. They actually like it!

4. Flexibility with tempo

Steady beat is paramount for making most music. But steady beat doesn’t cover all music all of the time. There are special moments in some pieces when the music calls for a fermata or ritardando or accelerando or rubato.

When using a metronome through these moments of tempo change, you either have to reach up and stop the metronome so the tap doesn’t interfere with the change of tempo, or override it with your voice guiding the student while the unhinged tick is still going.

It is much more musical to keep the beat yourself on the drum, and then adapt the timing of the beat with the student through the tempo change. This helps teach a natural instinct for pacing the various changes.

5. Student keeps the beat

When you need to demonstrate music and trade places with your student, invite them sit on the cajón, not passively, but as an active music-maker. They could keep a steady beat or improvise their own rhythm.

The benefit is that the student doesn’t just observe what you’re showing them, but through the beat or rhythm, they’re absorbing and internalizing what you’re teaching before they even try it on the piano.

6. Teaches downbeats and upbeats

One interesting and unexpected benefit revealed itself in real time during one lesson. I was reviewing metre, beats in the bar and how we know which beat should feel the strongest (the barline sets up the next beat 1), when my student and I traded places and he sat on the cajón. All of a sudden he was playing the downbeats low on the drum and the upbeats high on the drum.

Not only did the terms “downbeat” and “upbeat” match spatially where on the drum he was playing, but the sound and emphasis also matched. The lower he played on the drum, the deeper and heavier it sounded, and the higher he played, the lighter. My student pointed out what he had figured out and I thought it was nothing short of brilliant.

Bonus: Two reasons you should keep your metronome

The metronome is still irreplaceable. Every studio should have one. I have a small collection — from vintage to my ‘cat metronome’ — each one fascinating to my students. To cap off this blog post, I’ll add two bonus reasons you don’t want to throw it away:

1. Metronomes are timeless reference points

With 1815 as the invention date of the metronome, musicians have now been using it for more than 200 years. Beethoven was one of the first to adopt its use. The metronome is the most accurate way for any composer to communicate in print exactly what tempo he or she has in mind. This takes away any guesswork for performance tempos and is the number one reason to keep your metronome.

2. Metronomes are still for home practice

The cajón is great in lessons, but doesn’t help with home practice. All students will still benefit from doing some practice with the metronome at home. For this reason, you’ll want to take time to teach them how to use theirs and assign tempos for home practice. Many pieces can be learned at half tempo in the initial stages. You’ll want to check the performance tempo and do the math to get the half-tempo number for home practice, and write it in their instructions.

The metronome is also a valuable tool for working a piece up to performance tempo.


As rhythm and metre are the basis of all music, the backbone and heartbeat, the elements that most of music hangs its hat on, it gives your students a huge advantage to have a cajón in your studio! This simple little percussion instrument keeps it playful and experimental. You get the feeling that in the middle of a lesson, anything could happen!

  • It serves the dual purpose of beat keeper and teacher’s chair.
  • It’s instant and can be added seamlessly
  • Adds the element of rhythmic improvisation
  • Allows for flexibility with tempo
  • Gives opportunity for the student to keep the beat
  • Teaches downbeats and upbeats

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I appreciate shares, comments and likes. Happy teaching! ❤

Rebekah Maxner, composer, blogger, piano teacher. Follow my blog for great tips!

Video of the Week

Jazz that Train (Early Intermediate, Level 3) from the print and eBook collection Rock That Train, 11 Late Elementary to Early Intermediate piano solos. Or, check out the studio-licensed eSheet for Jazz that Train!

Jazz that Train
Here’s an audio clip of the piece Out of the Blue that uses special effects of clapping or tapping.

12 thoughts on “6 reasons the cajón box drum is better than a metronome in piano lessons

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  1. I love this idea! I’m going to use my husband’s Cajon this week with my students! Thank You! I will be sure to check out more things on your blog- and I would love it if you visit mine!- Jennifer Tuck http://www.musicalmocha.com

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    1. Jennifer,
      Thanks for visiting my blog, and you’re welcome! Please do check out more and thanks for the link to yours! I’m going to visit yours right now! 🙂 ~Rebekah

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  2. Great blog Rebekah. Love the idea of a cajon in piano lessons – I’m just wondering which type to buy? Does yours have snare strings inside? I’m wondering if the snare sound might get distracting/irritating? But the Peruvian style cajons without snare are more expensive and seem to be much harder to come by……
    Thanks,
    Helen

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    1. Hi, Helen, thanks for reaching out! Using a cajon in lessons is great and choosing one is a big decision for sure. Mine doesn’t have actual snares, but guitar-type strings stretched inside the wooden drum face, on an angle to allow for the best bass drum sound.

      Some music stores rent instruments, so I recommend actually renting before you buy (I rented from Long & McQuade). For no risk at all you can test drive a cajon to listen to it and find out if you like it. The one I finally bought was made in Peru (expensive) but I saw it as an investment. I LOVE it! All the best and let me know how it goes!

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      1. Ah– yes, a musical instrument and a teaching chair! In the blog post above I was using the rented cajon as my teaching chair and it stood a little higher. I don’t have it anymore, so I’m not sure of the height. The cajon I purchased is a little wider and shorter (47 cm high, 18 1/2 inches) and is slightly higher than my antique wooden office chair which I sit on when I sit beside the piano to teach. I guess it comes down to how tall you are and how high the chairs are that you’re used to sitting on. I’d still use my new cajon as a teaching chair, only I’m usually side-by-side with my students, distanced at adjacent instruments. I keep my cajon across the room, 2 metres from my student and my own bench, so that either one can use it while the other plays piano. With a new COVID lockdown coming into effect in my province today, here’s a side-note: I love my cajon as my sitting chair for online lessons. It allows me to turn to the side and face my students and then turn to the piano to demonstrate. I never experience the side-saddle “body twist” I used to experience with my elongated piano bench. I feel it might even out-perform swivelling office chairs, because my posture is great on the cajon. The cajon you are looking at in that link looks identical to mine. I’m not sure you can rent that model. I tried a lot in the music store and that Gon Bops had a superior sound!

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      2. Thanks so much for your detailed reply Rebekah. I’ve just ordered this cheaper Gon Bops. (To rent it locally I would have had to commit to 6 months rental). I’m planning on having the cajon at my 2nd piano to teach from (we are teaching face to face here in Australia). So using it as my piano stool and also to keep the tempo at times….. Guess I could even play 1 hand and keep tempo with the other maybe. Anyhow thanks for the inspiration – it’s supposed to arrive in a week or so. Best, H https://www.gonbops.com/products-category/alex-acuna-signature-cajon/

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