Deep in the Meadow – Rue’s Lullaby for piano [RCM Level 3 List C]

All over the globe, from the United States to Canada and beyond, children and teenagers feel the impact of conflict. It is a relevant topic, especially now. Tweens and teens are not only developing musically, but are developing a wider and maturing awareness of the world around them. Because of this, Deep in the Meadow fulfills not only musical goals but also the developmental benchmark of social awareness and responsibility.

As piano students emerge from the Elementary levels of piano music into the Intermediate, a lovely thing begins to take shape in their playing: a deeper sense of personal and emotional investment in the music. They begin to go beyond simply making beautiful sounds to buying into the meaning of the music with their true feelings. The repertoire they choose gains significance.

Deep in the Meadow appeals to tweens, teens and adults playing Early Intermediate piano. It is listed in the Royal Conservatory of Music’s syllabus for Level 3 List C and can be played as a selection on the RCM Level 3 exam.

The melody in Deep in the Meadow is sweet and gentle. If you haven’t read the Hunger Games series, you can appreciate the piece simply as a tender lullaby. It stands on its own! However, the piece was originally written to Suzanne Collins’s lyrics from her popular Young Adult novel, The Hunger Games.

If you’ve read the series, you’ll remember that the traditional lullaby “Deep in the Meadow” had been sung in District 12 for generations. Katniss sang it in two tender moments: first to her little sister, Primrose, and then to a child she met in the games, Rue. After that, the song became known across Panem as Rue’s Lullaby.

Katniss sang the lullaby to her sister, Primrose and to her new friend, Rue.

But it had always been a traditional tune in District 12, and that’s why it appears in Madge’s Notebook, an imagined collection of piano pieces played by one of my favourite characters. Here’s a video of the piano piece:

Deep in the Meadow from Madge’s Notebook. Listen to the piano only.
Deep in the Meadow music sample that you can read as you listen to the YouTube video.

Did Madge really play the piano in the books? Yes!

“She’s trying to teach me the piano, but mostly I like to listen to her play.” — Catching Fire, Chapter 6 page 87.

Music for social awareness

I’ve been asked why I composed music on such a dark topic as The Hunger Games. I never viewed the artistic project that way. As I read the Hunger Games series, I heard so much music in the books. It’s reported that Suzanne Collins listened to classical music as she wrote, and it’s evident by the role music plays in the story.

Though written on the topic of political strife and how children are caught up in and traumatized by war, throughout the story music is a bright light in the dark world. Herself a child of a Vietnam War veteran, Collins wanted to write a Young Adult novel on the PTSD she had witnessed in her own father. The music throughout the story is a beacon for healing.

Inside story of composing it

Rarely have I written and rewritten a piece so many times. Sometimes it’s the simplest music that’s the most difficult to write. I wanted the piece to have an innocent yet tragic sound. Innocent because in the story it is sung to children, tragic because…you’ll have to read the books to find out.

I faced many demands:

  • the rhythm had to match the words of Collins’s poem.
  • the tune had to paint the meaning of the words.
  • it needed a tune worthy of a folk song — specifically a lullaby.
  • it needed to be singable, and yet sound pretty on the piano.

I worked, was unsatisfied, and wrote and discarded many drafts.

Hints to understand the music

Rhythm. Here’s a video in which you’ll hear the recorded piano part accompanying Collins’s original sung lyrics. You might find it interesting to hear the words included. The lyrics can help you learn the rhythm.

Listen to the vocal version with lyrics included.

After many tries I settled on the 3/4 time signature because it felt so elegant.

Melody. The tune opens in E minor with a downward-leaning figure that is repeated in sequence (the same tune repeated lower) and later varied (changed a little). I wrote this tune to sound simple like a folk song, but also to paint the words, like “deep,” “under,” and “lay down your head.” Later (in measures 15-16), the music sweeps upwards with “the sun will rise.” There’s a new level of urgency at measure 17 with the melody in the upper range, belying the lyric “here it’s safe.” The whole second half of the song is a variation of the opening, and finally settles with “Here is the place that I love you” in G major, ending in a safe place.

Sting wrote the version of the lullaby for the movie. I had great expectations. After all, I loved his simple, beautiful song Fields of Gold, and I felt he had the right stuff as a songwriter to nail this. I must admit, I was disappointed. I found his tune lacklustre and at times, awkward. Now that I’ve looked closer, I know exactly why I wasn’t convinced. Between the words “under the” there’s a tritone — an interval that’s difficult to sing in tune and rarely (if ever) appears in folk songs.

Rue’s signal hidden. Seven years after composing the piece, I’ve discovered something I’ve never noticed before.

In my five-note melody, notes 2-5 are the following intervals: ascending minor 3rd, descending minor 2nd, descending Perfect 5th. In other words, Rue’s call signal from District 11 as depicted in The Hunger Games, the movie. You can listen to a clip here:

Rue’s signal from The Hunger Games movie.

Throughout the piece, my five-note tune changes and transforms to suit the words of the lullaby. But if you search through the piece, you’ll see snippets of it, mostly a descending 2nd followed by a perfect 5th, which are a diminution (smaller section) of Rue’s signal (for example, from measure 17 to 22). How many can you find?

My artistic mind loves this connection to the world of The Hunger Games. With this correlation between my lullaby melody and the signal from the movie, it’s like somewhere deep in the history of Panem the same melody became both the signal in the fields of District 11 and part of a lullaby in District 12.

Another piece I wrote for Madge’s Notebook used Rue’s four-note signal on purpose, in the Chopin-esque waltz, For Rue. This was a piece I imagined that Madge composed after she watched events unfold in the 74th Hunger Games, as a tribute to Rue. It’s a pastiche, a deliberate nod to Chopin as a composer, because I believe his music will survive into the future.

Engage your students

This is music that tweens, teens and adults can play for multiple reasons: because it is good music that develops expressive playing, because it helps start conversations on what music means to our collective culture (and to individuals) in times of political conflict, and because this is music they can believe in as they find their own voices and values.

To me, music offers healing, connectedness between people from different backgrounds, and most of all, hope.

Madge’s Notebook is available as a print and eBook!

You and your students can play Deep in the Meadow! Madge’s Notebook is available as a print and eBook, or you can purchase the eSheet separately. Both the eBook and eSheet are studio-licensed, which means with only one purchase you can teach it to as many students as you want!

Here’s the direct link to Madge’s Notebook, the print and eBook!

Here’s the direct link to the Deep in the Meadow eSheet!


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I appreciate shares, comments and likes. Happy teaching! ❤

Rebekah Maxner, composer, blogger, piano teacher. Follow my blog for great tips!

Video of the Week

For Rue (Early Advanced, Level 8), a pastiche in the style of a Chopin waltz. From the print and eBook Madge’s Notebook, A Piano Tribute to The Hunger Games, Early Intermediate to Early Advanced piano, music that offers hope to a hurting world. Or, check out the For Rue eSheet!

For Rue written in the style of a Chopin waltz.
Here’s a short audio sample of Deep in the Meadow.

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